The number one goal in a session with an acupuncturist, Chinese herbalist, or traditional East Asian medicine (TEAM) practitioner of any kind is to regain physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual balance within the body.

There are two major systems that we use to determine imbalance so we can provide corrective treatment to bring you back to balance. The first is the Five Element Correspondences and the second are the principles of Yin and Yang.

The Five Element Correspondences

The Five Element Correspondences used in acupuncture and Chinese medicine recognize the interplay of various elements, or phases, in the body and the environment. It's important to note that this framework is different from the classical Western understanding of elements and is deeply rooted in the traditional healing systems of East Asia. Rather than the popular earth, air, fire, and water, the five elements of traditional east asian medicine include wood (木 - Mù), fire (火 - Huǒ), earth (土 - Tǔ), metal (金 - Jīn), and water (水 - Shuǐ). 

These elements come from Taoist observation of nature and have been used in Chinese medicine to understand patterns of the body and treat them on a physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual level. Each person contains all five elements but often finds imbalances in one element more than others–meaning they are more prone to certain emotions or health issues over others. Each element corresponds to an organ, emotion, season, etc., and comes with its own set of common imbalances. 

Five Fundamental Elements Central to This System

Wood (木 - Mù): 

The Wood element corresponds to the Chinese medical understanding of the liver and gallbladder in the body. It is associated with the season of Spring and represents growth, flexibility, and creativity. In East Asian medicine, an imbalance in the Wood element can lead to symptoms like anger, irritability, and digestive issues.

Fire (火 - Huǒ):

Fire is associated with the Chinese medical understanding of the heart and small intestine. It is associated with Summer and symbolizes passion, joy, and the ability to communicate effectively. An imbalance in the Fire element may manifest as anxiety, insomnia, or heart-related issues.

Earth (土 - Tǔ): 

Earth corresponds to the Chinese medical understanding of the spleen and stomach. It is associated with stability, nourishment, and digestion and corresponds to Late Summer. An imbalance in the Earth element can lead to symptoms like worry, overthinking, and digestive problems.

Metal (金 - Jīn):

Metal is linked to the Chinese medical understanding of the lungs and large intestine. It represents Autumn and qualities of purity, strength, and structure. Imbalances in the Metal element may manifest as grief, sadness, or respiratory issues.

Water (水 - Shuǐ):

Water is associated with the Chinese medical understanding of the kidneys and bladder. It is associated with Winter and symbolizes adaptability, wisdom, and the flow of life's energies. An imbalance in the Water element can result in fear, insecurity, or kidney-related problems.

These elements are not only linked to specific organs and emotions but also to the cycles of nature, seasons, colors, tastes, and other aspects of life. In acupuncture and East Asian medicine, maintaining balance among these elements is essential for overall health and well-being. 

Finding Balance with Yin and Yang

The principles of yin and yang (pronounced “yong”) are equally as important as the five elements in finding balance within the body. The concept of yin and yang is fundamental to acupuncture and Chinese medicine, whose philosophical and diagnostic framework is used to understand the dynamic balance and interplay of opposing forces in the universe, the human body, and nature. The concept is rooted in ancient Eastern philosophies, such as Taoism, and has a profound influence on acupuncture and traditional East Asian medical practices.

Four Key Aspects of Yin and Yang Theory


Yin and yang are two complementary, interconnected, and opposite forces. They are relative opposites in a constant state of flux and change. Nothing is entirely Yin or entirely Yang; instead, they exist in a dynamic and relative relationship. Think about night and day, summer and winter, and death and birth–each is in non-permanent opposition to the other.


Yin and yang depend on each other and cannot exist without the other. This dynamic balance is essential for health and harmony. Night wouldn’t exist if we didn’t have the concept of day; summer wouldn’t mean anything without winter. 

Mutual consumption:

Yin and yang are constantly adjusting to find balance based on relative excess and deficiencies. A flame (yang) slowly consumes firewood (yin). Animals (yang) eat grass (yin) to survive. 


Yin and yang are forever transforming into each other–yin becomes yang, yang becomes yin, and this cycle repeats forever. Just as day becomes night, and night becomes day, forever.

Balancing Yin and Yang in the Body

Good health is achieved when yin and yang are in a state of balance and harmony within the body. Imbalances or disruptions in this balance can lead to illness.

In the context of the human body, yin is associated with qualities such as darkness, cold, receptivity, and substance, while yang is associated with qualities like light, heat, activity, and function. Organs, tissues, and physiological processes are also categorized as either yin or yang.

In East Asian medicine, practitioners use the concept of yin and yang to assess a patient's condition. They look for signs of excess or deficiency of yin and/or yang in the body, as well as patterns of imbalance. Treatment strategies, such as acupuncture, herbal medicine, dietary recommendations, and lifestyle modifications, are then tailored to restore the proper balance.

Yin and Yang within Nature and the Environment

This concept of yin and yang is not limited to the human body…it extends to the natural world and the environment. Seasons, weather patterns, and even the time of day are classified as either yin or yang, and this knowledge is used to guide lifestyle and dietary choices.

For example, during the winter, a yin season, people might be encouraged to consume warming foods, yang, to maintain balance. Likewise, certain foods and herbs are categorized as yin or yang and can be used to address specific health imbalances.

Ready to Find Balance in Your Body Through Yin, Yang, and the Five Elements?

Yin, yang, and the five elements in acupuncture and East Asian medicine are holistic and dynamic principles that help practitioners understand the interconnectedness of the body, mind, and environment. It provides a foundation for diagnosis and treatment, with the goal of restoring balance and promoting optimal health and well-being in the body.

TEAM practitioners use acupuncture, herbal medicine, dietary recommendations, and lifestyle adjustments to help restore harmony within the body and between the elements.  If you are ready to start your healing journey, request a consultation now to book your appointment.  

Book Your Session Now!

I love educating people about their bodies at all levels of health, and I am so grateful to have you here. Start your journey today, book your appointment now.